Eventually, it is changed to allow automakers to buy ZEV credits as an alternative to selling the actual cars. In a few years, this concept will be developed into the EV1. The cars are available for lease, but not for sale. GM cancels the EV1 program, takes back the cars and crushes most of them over the protests of former owners. GM insists the cars could not continue being driven because it would have become impossible to maintain them in safe condition.
It uses lithium-ion batteries, which will become the standard technology for electric cars. The small egg-shaped city car is one of the first mass market EVs from a major automaker. Tesla unveils the Model S sedan with seating for up to seven people. It will go on to become the fastest-selling electric car in history by far, despite its luxury car prices. Consumer Reports will laud it as the best car the magazine has ever tested although dependability issues will lead the magazine to pull its recommendation in Nissan starts production of the Leaf, a practical, compact electric car with a relatively long driving range for its time.
Production begins for the Chevrolet Volt. As planned, these will require cars and SUVs to become, on average, much more fuel efficient by the year Meeting these requirements essentially requires the sale of more electric and hybrid vehicles. This move, combined with tighter emissions requirements in Europe and electric car purchase incentives in China, drives manufacturers to develop more electric and other plug-in hybrid cars.
The US Environmental Protection Agency announces it has caught Volkswagen using software in many of its diesel vehicles to cheat on emissions tests, resulting in fines, penalties and the arrest of executives in both the United States and Europe.
The First Electric Car | HowStuffWorks
Partly as a result of this, Volkswagen Group declares that it will invest heavily in electric vehicles. In fact, in , it will be the best selling luxury car of any kind. Volkswagen Group starts Electrify America, a subsidiary company that will build a network of fast electric vehicle chargers across the United States. More than half of all electric cars sold worldwide are in China, thanks to heavy government incentives. Both inventors were the first to use the newly-invented, non-rechargeable electric cells or batteries.
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Frenchman Gaston Plante invented a better storage battery in and his fellow countrymen Camille Faure further improved the storage battery in Better-capacity storage batteries were needed for electric vehicles to become practical. In the late s, France and Great Britain were the first nations to support the widespread development of electric vehicles.
In , a Belgian-built electric racing car called "La Jamais Contente" set a world record for land speed of 68 mph. It was not until that Americans began to devote attention to electric vehicles after an electric tricycle was built by A. Ryker and William Morrison built a six-passenger wagon, both in Many innovations followed, and interest in motor vehicles increased greatly in the late s and early s.
In fact, William Morrison's design, which had room for passengers, is often considered the first real and practical EV. By the turn of the century, America was prosperous.
Cars, now available in steam, electric, or gasoline versions, were becoming more popular. Later in , Woods invented a hybrid car that had both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor.congdong.bancongxanh.com/23519.php
The History of Electric Vehicles Began in 1830
Electric vehicles had many advantages over their competitors in the early s. They did not have the vibration, smell, and noise associated with gasoline-powered cars. Changing gears on gasoline cars was the most difficult part of driving. Electric vehicles did not require gear changes.
While steam-powered cars also had no gear shifting, they suffered from long start-up times of up to 45 minutes on cold mornings. The steam cars had less range before needing water, compared to an electric car's range on a single charge. They have looked at placing solar cells directly on vehicles or on vehicle charging stations. Hydrogen is a potential alternative fuel source that a number of companies are currently researching.
This transforms methane into hydrogen. Currently, most of this hydrogen is used in refining petroleum and processing foods, but it has been used as a power source in space flight for decades. There are a number of other alternative fuels currently being studied. The Energy Policy Act of lists fuels such as Biomethane, drop-in biofuels, and biobutanol as potential fuel sources. However, while they have been used to power a vehicle, much more research and development is needed before they become commercially viable power sources.
That may change, though, as the market becomes more competitive. In , Tesla released all of their patents on their EV technology. CEO Elon Musk said the company hopes others will see ways of improving on their technology, which can only benefit the EV industry and the average customer.
Experts in the field expect vehicles to easily get miles to a charge within 10 years, while others believe that the cost of the lithium-ion batteries used in most EVs will decrease to the point that the vehicles are much more affordable. The allure of cheap fuel is tempting to many, though, which is why hybrids are selling very well.
This transitional vehicle is likely to continue to become more and more popular, especially as mileage increases.
- Origin Stories from CNN Business;
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